What is Chlamydia? Symptoms, Implications, Causes, Treatment and Prevention

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis. It is one of the most common STIs worldwide and can be easily transmitted during unprotected sexual activity. In this article, we’ll explore the symptoms, potential implications, causes, treatment, and prevention of chlamydia.

Symptoms:

Many people with chlamydia do not experience any symptoms, which is why it’s often referred to as a “silent” infection. However, some of the common symptoms of chlamydia include:

  • Painful urination
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge
  • Pain during sex
  • Rectal pain, discharge or bleeding (if the infection is in the rectum)

Potential implications:

If left untreated, chlamydia can lead to serious health complications, including pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in women, which can cause infertility, chronic pain, and ectopic pregnancy. In men, untreated chlamydia can lead to epididymitis, an inflammation of the testicles that can cause pain and infertility.

Causes:

Chlamydia is caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis and is transmitted through unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex. It can also be passed from a pregnant woman to her baby during childbirth.

Treatment:

Chlamydia can be treated with antibiotics. It’s important to complete the full course of antibiotics as directed by a doctor to ensure that the infection is fully cleared.

Prevention:

The best way to prevent chlamydia is to practice safe sex by using condoms during vaginal, anal, and oral sex. It’s also important to get tested regularly for STIs, especially if you are sexually active with multiple partners. If you are diagnosed with chlamydia, it’s important to inform your sexual partners so that they can also get tested and treated if necessary.

By understanding the symptoms, potential implications, causes, treatment, and prevention of chlamydia, you can take steps to protect yourself and your sexual partners from this common and potentially serious STI. Remember to speak with a doctor if you have any concerns or questions about STI prevention and treatment.

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Important Safety Information

Take any medicines called nitrates, often prescribed for chest pain, or guanylate cyclase stimulators like Adempas (riociguat) for pulmonary hypertension. Your blood pressure could drop to an unsafe level are allergic to Tadalafil or any of the ingredients in Tadalafil

Discuss your health with your doctor to ensure that you are healthy enough for sex. If you experience chest pain, dizziness, or nausea during sex, seek immediate medical help

Tadalafil can cause serious side effects. Rarely reported side effects include:

an erection that will not go away (priapism). If you have an erection that lasts more than 4 hours, get medical help right away. If it is not treated right away, priapism can permanently damage your penis

sudden vision loss in one or both eyes. Sudden vision loss in one or both eyes can be a sign of a serious eye problem called non-arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy (NAION). Stop taking Tadalafil and call your healthcare provider right away if you have any sudden vision loss

sudden hearing decrease or hearing loss. Some people may also have ringing in their ears (tinnitus) or dizziness. If you have these symptoms, stop taking Tadalafil and contact a doctor right away

Before you take Tadalafil, tell your healthcare provider if you:

have or have had heart problems such as a heart attack, irregular heartbeat, angina, chest pain, narrowing of the aortic valve, or heart failure

have had heart surgery within the last 6 months

have pulmonary hypertension

have had a stroke

have low blood pressure, or high blood pressure that is not controlled

have a deformed penis shape

have had an erection that lasted for more than 4 hours

have problems with your blood cells such as sickle cell anemia, multiple myeloma, or leukemia

have retinitis pigmentosa, a rare genetic (runs in families) eye disease

have ever had severe vision loss, including an eye problem called NAION

have bleeding problems

have or have had stomach ulcers

have liver problems

have kidney problems or are having kidney dialysis have any other medical conditions

Tell your healthcare provider about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements.

Tadalafil may affect the way other medicines work, and other medicines may affect the way Tadalafil works, causing side effects. Especially tell your healthcare provider if you take any of the following:

medicines called nitrates

medicines called guanylate cyclase stimulators such as Adempas (riociguat)

medicines called alpha-blockers such as Hytrin (terazosin HCl), Flomax (tamsulosin HCl), Cardura (doxazosin mesylate), Minipress (prazosin HCl), Uroxatral (alfuzosin HCl), Jalyn (dutasteride and tamsulosin HCl), or Rapaflo (silodosin). Alpha-blockers are sometimes prescribed for prostate problems or high blood pressure. In some patients, the use of Tadalafil with alpha-blockers can lead to a drop in blood pressure or to fainting medicines called HIV protease inhibitors, such as ritonavir (Norvir), indinavir sulfate (Crixivan), saquinavir (Fortovase or Invirase), or atazanavir sulfate (Reyataz)

some types of oral antifungal medicines, such as ketoconazole (Nizoral) and itraconazole (Sporanox)

some types of antibiotics, such as clarithromycin (Biaxin), telithromycin (Ketek), or erythromycin

other medicines that treat high blood pressure

other medicines or treatments for ED

Tadalafil should not be used with REVATIO or with other PAH treatments containing PDE5 inhibitors.

Tadalafil does not protect against sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV.

The most common side effects of Tadalafil: headache; flushing; upset stomach; abnormal vision, such as changes in color vision (such as having a blue color tinge) and blurred vision; stuffy or runny nose; back pain; muscle pain; nausea; dizziness; rash.