What is Gonorrhoea? Symptoms, Implications, Causes, Treatment and Prevention

Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae. It can affect both men and women and is spread through unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex. In this article, we’ll explore the symptoms, potential implications, causes, treatment, and prevention of gonorrhoea.

Symptoms:

Many people with gonorrhoea do not experience any symptoms, which is why it’s often referred to as a “silent” infection. However, some of the common symptoms of gonorrhoea include:

  • Painful urination
  • Abnormal vaginal discharge (in women)
  • Pain or discharge from the penis (in men)
  • Rectal pain, discharge, or bleeding (if the infection is in the rectum)
  • Sore throat (if the infection is in the throat)

Potential implications:

If left untreated, gonorrhoea can lead to serious health complications, including pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in women, which can cause infertility, chronic pain, and ectopic pregnancy. In men, untreated gonorrhoea can lead to epididymitis, an inflammation of the testicles that can cause pain and infertility. Gonorrhoea can also increase the risk of HIV transmission.

Causes:

Gonorrhoea is caused by the bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae and is transmitted through unprotected vaginal, anal, or oral sex. It can also be passed from a pregnant woman to her baby during childbirth.

Treatment:

Gonorrhoea can be treated with antibiotics. It’s important to complete the full course of antibiotics as directed by your doctor to ensure that the infection is fully cleared.

Prevention:

The best way to prevent gonorrhoea is to practice safe sex by using condoms during vaginal, anal, and oral sex. It’s also important to get tested regularly for STIs, especially if you are sexually active with multiple partners. If you are diagnosed with gonorrhoea, it’s important to inform your sexual partners so that they can also get tested and treated if necessary.

By understanding the symptoms, potential implications, causes, treatment, and prevention of gonorrhoea, you can take steps to protect yourself and your sexual partners from this common and potentially serious STI. Remember to speak with a doctor if you have any concerns or questions about STI prevention and treatment.